In its transparency report for January to June 2018, Google disclosed that the Pakistan Telecommunications Authority (PTA) had requested the removal of an open letter from concerned faculty members across several universities in Pakistan and abroad regarding academic freedom and increased repression on university campuses in the country.The letter gave details of the dismissal of professors and cancellation of academic events that encourage critical thinking. The PTA claimed that the content of the letter constituted hate speech under Pakistani law. Google righty rejected the request. This is just one example of how Pakistani authorities have attempted to use "hate speech" laws to silence critical, dissenting, or even unwelcome expression. Disturbingly, the federal information minister has warned of a "crackdown" on hate speech on social media, which has further prompted concern that such laws would be misused against political activists, human rights defenders, and individuals exercising their constitutionally protected rights to the freedom of expression.